浏览器检测(BrowserDetect.js)使用

admin0条评论 6,114 次浏览

浏览器检测是在工作中经常用到的,如果只是简单判断当前是什么浏览器的话可以通过window.navigator.useragent这样的js来直接判断就可以了!

但是针对浏览器版本要求比较高的时候,如果只是单纯的判断浏览器的名字的话还不能解决问题,这时候就要通过其他方式来实现!现有的jquery已经废弃了$.browser的使用,所以在这里我介绍一个叫做”浏览器嗅探器”的程序来实现!

代码如下:(BrowserDetect.js)

var BrowserDetect = {
  init: function () {
    this.browser = this.searchString(this.dataBrowser) || "An unknown browser";
    this.version = this.searchVersion(navigator.userAgent)
      || this.searchVersion(navigator.appVersion)
      || "an unknown version";
    this.OS = this.searchString(this.dataOS) || "an unknown OS";
  },
  searchString: function (data) {
    for (var i=0;i<data.length;i++)	{
      var dataString = data[i].string;
      var dataProp = data[i].prop;
      this.versionSearchString = data[i].versionSearch || data[i].identity;
      if (dataString) {
        if (dataString.indexOf(data[i].subString) != -1)
          return data[i].identity;
      }
      else if (dataProp)
        return data[i].identity;
    }
  },
  searchVersion: function (dataString) {
    var index = dataString.indexOf(this.versionSearchString);
    if (index == -1) return;
    return parseFloat(dataString.substring(index+this.versionSearchString.length+1));
  },
  dataBrowser: [
    {
      string: navigator.userAgent,
      subString: "Chrome",
      identity: "Chrome"
    },
    {	 string: navigator.userAgent,
      subString: "OmniWeb",
      versionSearch: "OmniWeb/",
      identity: "OmniWeb"
    },
    {
      string: navigator.vendor,
      subString: "Apple",
      identity: "Safari",
      versionSearch: "Version"
    },
    {
      prop: window.opera,
      identity: "Opera"
    },
    {
      string: navigator.vendor,
      subString: "iCab",
      identity: "iCab"
    },
    {
      string: navigator.vendor,
      subString: "KDE",
      identity: "Konqueror"
    },
    {
      string: navigator.userAgent,
      subString: "Firefox",
      identity: "Firefox"
    },
    {
      string: navigator.vendor,
      subString: "Camino",
      identity: "Camino"
    },
    {		// for newer Netscapes (6+)
      string: navigator.userAgent,
      subString: "Netscape",
      identity: "Netscape"
    },
    {
      string: navigator.userAgent,
      subString: "MSIE",
      identity: "Internet Explorer",
      versionSearch: "MSIE"
    },
    {
      string: navigator.userAgent,
      subString: "Gecko",
      identity: "Mozilla",
      versionSearch: "rv"
    },
    {		 // for older Netscapes (4-)
      string: navigator.userAgent,
      subString: "Mozilla",
      identity: "Netscape",
      versionSearch: "Mozilla"
    }
  ],
  dataOS : [
    {
      string: navigator.platform,
      subString: "Win",
      identity: "Windows"
    },
    {
      string: navigator.platform,
      subString: "Mac",
      identity: "Mac"
    },
    {
         string: navigator.userAgent,
         subString: "iPhone",
         identity: "iPhone/iPod"
    },
    {
      string: navigator.platform,
      subString: "Linux",
      identity: "Linux"
    }
  ]
 
};
BrowserDetect.init();

使用方式如下:
BrowserDetect.browser;// 浏览器的名称,例如Firefox,IE
BrowserDetect.version;//浏览器的版本,比如,7、11
BrowserDetect.OS;//浏览器所宿主的操作系统,比如Windows、Linux